Ukpo Community Jubilating as Hon Lawrence Ezeudu commissioned d Historic Water Project(Pictures/Videos).

On Tuesday 5th December, 2018, O Hon Lawrence Ezeudu(Chief Whip Anambra State House of Assembly were in the company of Apga Dunukofia Executives Cum Faithfuls led by Chairman of the party, Hon Vincent Ezennia(Sappa), TC of Dunukofia Hon Uche Umerie and his campaign team stormed Iruagu (Oranto) Ukpo community on Tuesday and commissioned historic Water Project as part of his constituency project.

The PG Of Ukpo Hon Vincent Oyilagu (Former/2nd Deputy Chairman Dunukofia LG), had earlier welcomed and performed Breaking of Kolanut in accordance with our tradition, commended Hon Lawrence Ezeudu for his good deed to his community, most especially the residents of this particular village, Iruagu Oranto, he went further and stated that he(Chief Whip) has given them LIFE because water(H2O) is a source of LIFE quoted that “No water, no life. No blue, no green” .He prayed to almighty God to reward him in hundredfold and also assured him the votes of ndi Ukpo and the Chairman of Oranto Village,Oranto vill Chairman Chief Sunday Nwachukwu also expressed his gratitude to Hon Lawrence Ezeudu in similar with PG that Clean drinking water is essential to a healthy lifestyle because Water is life, and clean water means health. also said that “COME WHAT MAY ” that Hon Lawrence Ezeudu will return for Second tenure in 2019.Others dignities who thanks Hon Lawrence Ezeudu and assure him 100% Ukpo votes were Iruagu-Oranto Chairman Chief Johnson Ezego ( Akuezuluozo), (school Boy),Hon Olisa Aniekwena (Chinetugo)LG Coordinator Vuco(Ohamadike) Dunukofia North, DG Hon Ezeudu primary election team.

Hon Lawrence Ezeudu reminded them that when he came to Oranto, Ukpo to campaign in 2015, he noticed that some people living around this area does lacks table water and I promised to provide it to them because “Voting is the right of electorates , but it is also our responsibility because if we don’t take the next step and elect leaders who are committed to building a better future for our kids, other rights clean water, health, and prosperity “

He eulogies them for giving him their mandate in 2015 and urge them to vote him in 2019 for betterment of our constituency. He then handed Commissioned and handed it to them with a Generator.


PG Ukpo 
Hon Lawrence Ezeudu and Ukpo Community PG commissioning the water project 
Apga Dunukofia Chairman Hon Vincent Ezennia (Sappa) Testing the water 
Hon Lawrence Ezeudu officially handing the water project to Ukpo community 

BORN TO SUFFER: Tales From Sokoto’s Forgotten Children



It has just heavily rained in Sokoto. Muhammad Sawidi stands beside a roasted-corn vendor at Dandima Bus Stop, shivering like a wet fowl, crying, shedding a rivulet of tears, terribly. “May the blessing of Allah be upon you all; I am ‘Almajiri’, servant of Allah. Please help me with food that I will eat, for the sake of Allah. Please bring me alms, for the sake of Allah’s messenger,” he chants in typical Hausa language, holding his big bowl firmly.

Sawidi is a nine-year-old unparented child from Gidan Buba in Kwalkwala area, Sokoto State. His teeth and tongue battle each other as he recounts his travails to SaharaReporters. “I don’t know where I originally come from but I know my father brought me to Kwalkwala to be an ‘almajiri’ when I was younger,” he says, wiping off his thick tears and the mucus in his nose.

Asked whether his clerical guardian caters to his living, he says: “He only gives us millet as breakfast and asks us to go and beg.” I eat from the little I earn from begging and if I gain nothing from begging, I remain famished. Sometimes, I go to bed with empty stomach.”

The heart-rending situation of Sawidi is practically the verisimilitude of what countless and numberless of Sokoto forgotten children are made of. ‘Almajiri’ is the traditional patois to describe them. They are born to either take begging as a career or be the maid-of-all-jobs. They are inmates of the streets, dregs of the rich and fragments of the poor.

On daily basis, the streets of Sokoto are clogged with derelict children of the state. They are told by their clerical guardians to go begging for alms and foraging for food after reading their Quranic symphonies every morning. From the daylight till the, twilight however, the home-forsaken children are made to suffer the dangers on the streets in the course of finding their daily meals. How on earth will these forgotten children survive if they do not beg?

Findings revealed that majority of the itinerant children under Quranic instruction are between the ages of five and 19. A study also revealed 83.49% of the ‘almajiri’, as they are commonly called, are between the ages of five and 15, out of which 33% are in the age category of five to nine. According to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), there are up to 10 million street children in Africa, substantial number of whom constitute the almajiri in the Northern Nigeria.

According to UNICEF, Nigeria’s rapid population excrescence is the cause of the current economic pressure on the country’s structure, stature, infrastructure, resources and even public services. It also asserts that children under 15 years of age account for 45 per cent of the 171 million of Nigeria’s population, adding that the burden on education has become overwhelming.

“Nigeria still has 10.5 million out-of-school children — the world’s highest number. Sixty per cent of those children are in northern Nigeria. About 60 per cent of out-of-school children are girls. Many of those who do enroll drop out early,” says UNICEF.


Rabiu speaks timidly with funereal tone. He hardly utters two sentences without punctuating them with tears. He stands at the vintage points, seeking fortune from the passers-by and the passengers patronising the Ilela garage, Sokoto.

“I can’t remember the last time I saw my parents. My father, Auwalu, brought me here for ‘madrasa’ (Arabic school) some years ago,” he says. “I don’t know where I come from, I was very little when I was brought to Ilela and ever since, I have never gone back home, not even on Sallah days. I don’t know why they didn’t take me to the Arabic schools in my area.”

Rabiu does not know his exact age, but he should be between seven to nine years old. As young as he is, he labours like an elephant under the moiling Sokoto sun every day and eats like an ant. He serves as an errand boy at the Ilela garage and charges a token per errand. “Whenever we are done with the morning Quranic lessons, I come here to work for people as an errand boy. Sometimes they pay me and sometimes they don’t,” he splutters in a confused voice.

“Whenever I have no errand job, I go begging for alms so as to feed myself for the day. Sometimes, I go to bed hungry if I make nothing from begging.”

Like Rabiu, toddler Abdullahi lives a life of no parent; no proper guarding by his guardian and he is not well-sheltered as a child who has hardly known the difference between right and wrong.  From Zamfara, he journeyed kilometers far to Sokoto for his preliminary Islamic studies. His father, Salisu who brought him to Sokoto has abandoned him uncared for ever since he left him with his clerical master.

Tired of his lumpen childhood, he said he had tried to run away from his guardian who would only ask him to beg for food and expect a return from him and his co-mates.

“I have retired my intention to run away from my master because I have nowhere to go,” he states. “I have no other means of livelihood than begging. If I don’t, I will die of hunger.”

Abdullahi stops talking for a while during the interview with him by the roadside in Gidan Koka, Sokoto, then breaks the few minutes’ silence, drawing the emotional attention of this reporter to his reddened eyes.

“Look at me, I have been begging since morning and nobody has given me food or money,” he cries.


“You cannot talk to them unless you buy food for them or give them money. They are hard to talk to, especially when they see you with a camera,” Malama Rasheedah, a food vendor in Runji, Sokoto, hints this reporter.

However, SaharaReporters surveyed the pains of the six Silami children who were banished from their homes and told never to come back again. Bemused with the sharp attack of mental anguish, Musa, who seems to be the eldest and leader of the children, gives chapter-by-chapter details of their travails as children and humans, born by a woman but mothered by no parent. Silami children have not only forgotten their homes, their own homes have utterly forsaken them too.

“I was instructed not to come back home,” Musa says. “When my father died sometime ago, my mother married another man. So, my mother asked me to come here to do ‘almajiri’; she told me never to come back again.” Asked how he survives as an abandoned child, “I survive the way other children like me survive­­; I beg around.”

Musa has been made psychologically dispirited about schooling; he has internal phobia for education. “I have never been to school. I am meant to be an ‘almajiri,’” he says. Apart from his Arabic studies in Darapci, the only thing he does for his supplementary survival is arrant street begging.


Dr Jimoh Amzat, a sociologist and activist in Sokoto State, metaphorically compares the northern Nigeria ‘almajiri’ with the faseurs of Congo, the shegues, the talibes of Senegal and Egypt, the tsotsis of South Africa and the ‘area boys’ of Lagos, adding that they all share a common feature:  negotiating  for space and survival on the streets.

“The tsotsis children are distinct street children and gangs like the shegues of Congo. These two groups, however, are not school students but the search for livelihood pushes them to the streets. Hence, the street becomes their homes and space for survival. The shegues have also been distinct street children who share similar purpose with the faseurs.  The talibes of Senegal and the ‘almanjirai’ of northern Nigeria share common purpose: the pursuit of Islamic knowledge and scholarship,” Amzat explains.

Emplacing the lumpen children sociologically, he says: “Lumpenhood depicts a deplorable condition which most often is inhumane. It is for this reason that ‘almajirai’ fits into the different descriptions: social dynamites, underclass, classless, alienated unemployable, social volatile and so on.”

As a practising sociologist in Sokoto, Amzat itemises some of the factors endangering the children on the streets, and explains that the ‘almajiri’ live at the margin within the society; while the margin is a place of both possibilities and vulnerabilities, the latter is with a high level of risk.  For the ‘almajiri’, he continues, the street is the margin fraught with vulnerabilities.

“The ‘almajirai’ is left to strive for survival on the streets without adequate parental support,” he asserts. “This partly explains the child’s susceptibility to different social ills in the society.”

He, however, suggested that with appropriate value re-orientation, constitution of model Quranic schools, legal prohibitions, and empowerment with strong political resolve and so on, the problem of the lumpen children shall become something of the past.


It is a day of ill-luck for the hungry and angry among Sokoto’s abandoned children in Gidan Dare, at a local canteen adjacent to Sokoto Furniture. The scavenging chaps stand vigilantly, looking for leftovers to fight over. The owner of the canteen, a middle-aged woman, scorns their presence. She suddenly gets mad at them, telling them to “go away from here now!”

”These scallywags are messing up this place,” she frowns, splashing dirty water on them.

Muhammadu Fahad stands a bit aloof to the customers, staring at one of them and eye-counting the numerous morsels of the man as he swallows his hot steaming maize dumpling (‘tuwo).

“We come here every day to beg for what to eat,” Fahad says pitifully.

Aliyu, also one of the child beggars, affirmed that though they come to the canteen regularly to beg for food, the only thing relied upon are the leftovers of the people patronizing the canteen.

“These children do not even have morals,” one of the customers laments while speaking to this reporter. “We have told our people on several occasions to take care of their children. It’s sad to see them doing something bad without any caution on the side of their parents. The children lack parental upbringing and morals.

“Even if you send them out of a home, they don’t care because they have no morals; nobody can tell them to stop something and they will stop. We do call on the parents to send them to school, where they can go and come back under their watch, so they could look after them.”

Another customer, who masticates while speaking to this reporter, asserts that although the begging propensities of the children are really irritating, they (the children) still need proper aids and attentions from citizens.

“What they do is very bad, but as a Muslim sometimes, we don’t really like criticising something like this,” he says.

“What they came to do is good. Anyone who leaves his home looking for knowledge needs help, but the government and the rich never try to help. So they have no way to feed themselves if they don’t beg.

“Even though it is bad, there is no other alternative. People should know that when they bring their child for ‘almajiranci’, they should bring along food, clothes and other things he will need.  Even the prophet said: cleanliness is part of faith, but you will see them dirty and hungry, and their parents will be there at home with food,” he laments.


In Sokoto and some other parts of the north, the rights of the children are daringly trampled upon without the fear of law, as if there is no conventional constitution that cautions the I-don’t-care- attitudes of parents towards their children in Nigeria. In 2003, the Child Right Act bill was passed into law. The Act, which caters to the rights and responsibilities of the children, frowns at the parochial parental mindless propensities towards their children.

According to the Child Right Act, provision of proper care for a child is not optional for any parent but obligatory. Section 1(sub 1) of the Child Right Act states that, “every has a right to parental care and protection, and accordingly, no child shall be separated from his parents against the wish of the child except – (a) for the purpose of his education or welfare; or (b) in the exercise of a judicial determination in accordance with the provisions of the Act, in the best interest of the child”. Other rights of the child also stated by the Act include: the right to proper health care, right to compulsory basic education, and so on.

Meanwhile, the story of infringing upon children’s rights might have come in another thespian dimension if the Child Rights Act had been domestically enforced in Sokoto state, ever since its enforcement at the federal level. Some states, though, have domesticated the passage of the Child Rights Acts; states such as Sokoto, Kebbi, and Adamawa and so on are yet to ensure the domestications respectively.



In a way of bruising the barbaric abuse of children in Sokoto state, Amina Yahaya, an advocate of youth and women inclusion in politics who is also an indigene of the state, says the “almajiri” system has lost and turned into child labour and abuse.

“If we go back to history, the sole aim of ‘the almajiri’ system was to encourage children to go seek knowledge under the watch and care of a guardian who is often the teacher,” she says.

“This is not the case today; these children are allowed to fend for themselves. You see them on the streets day and night, dressed shabbily, sometimes with no shoes, begging for alms. They waste valuable time roaming around and end up not even getting the knowledge they migrated for. It’s sad! These children are exposed to all sorts of vices and dangers.”

Yahaya suggests that the government should have a sort of shelter for kids who have been forcefully exiled and that their needs should be taken care of by the government, with necessary action taken against people who mete out such punishment on children.

“I think it is absolutely necessary to domesticate the Child Rights Act in Sokoto tate. The delay is totally unacceptable. If the peculiarities of the state do not agree with some of the provisions, then stakeholders in the state should come together to discuss such discrepancies and modify them to suit the state. That is the whole point of the domestication; this Act is important to protect the rights of our children. It’s pretty sad to note that I have been hearing about this Act since I was a child and in the Nigeria Children’s Parliament. Today I am an adult and it’s still a challenge implementing it in Sokoto,” she adds, when asked about the need to implement the Child Right Acts in the state.

She urges parents to stop sending their children out to random people. “Please stop,” she says. “These children could be in danger.”


This story is supported by the YouthHub Africa and Malala Fund.

Culled from SaharaReporters

Minister Of State For Environment : $177 Million Has Been Raised For The Clean-up Of Ogoni Land .

Ibrahim Jibril, Minister of State for Environment, has said $177 million has been raised for the clean-up of Ogoni land.

Jibril revealed that the funds were the required contribution from oil majors.

Although $1 billion was stipulated by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) for the clean-up in five years, Jibril says the balance will be credited from crude oil refineries in the country.

Addressing a press conference on Monday, the minister said: “The board of trustees have opened an account and that [Ogoni clean-up] account has been credited with the sum of $177 million. This is what is supposed to be given by the oil majors who are there and to pay for the cleaning and restoration of those degraded lands.

“An initial bill of $1 billion was to be used over a period of five years. So, with the $177 million for 2018, the balance of $23 million is expected to come from the refineries.

“We have written to inform the President and he has given the directive that the Petroleum Ministry should handle that issue. So, I believe that before the end of the month, we should raise the remittance of the balance of $23 million that is supposed to make it $200 million for this year.”

While hosting Laure Beaufils, British High Deputy Commissioner to Nigeria, Jibril also expressed the efforts of the federal government to tackle climate change issues in Nigeria.

Abdusalam Peace Committee Shifts Attention To Chairmen Of 91 Political Parties, Immediately After INEC

Ahead of the Osun State rerun election slated for Thursday, September 27, 2018, Abdusalam Abubakar, former Head of State and members of the Peace Committee, have met with Professor Mahmood Abubakar, Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).

The meeting, held behind closed doors at Enugu Hall in Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, on Tuesday, will be followed by another with the chairmen of all 91 resgistered political parties.

Addressing journalists at the end of the meeting, Chairman of the Peace Committee, Abdulsalam Abubakar, said the committee decided to interact with the stakeholders following the happenings after the announcement that declared the elections inconclusive.

On Sunday, Professor Joseph Fuwape, the INEC Returning Officer, had declared the election inconclusive on the premise that since the difference between the two leading parties was just 353 votes but the number of cancelled votes was 3,498, no winner

However, Abdusalam said the essence of the meeting is to ensure that all stakeholders play by the rules for peace to reign in the country.

He said: “We are all aware that we are approaching the 2019 election and already you are very much aware how the polity is being heated  as a result of which we have decided to step in to ensure that there is peace in the country and that the politicians play by the rules of the game, and also for security agencies and INEC to play their roles accordingly.

“This morning, we have interacted with the INEC chairman and his staff and also the security agencies here who have got one role or the other to perform in this election.

“All in all, we have had a briefing and later this afternoon, we are going to meet the political parties and the chairmen of the 91 registered political parties in furtherance of ensuring that there is peace. We are going to listen to them, hear their complaints and also appeal to them to make sure that politics is played without bitterness.

“As you  are very much aware if there is no peace in any country, there would be no country at all. So, the essence of this meeting is to ensure that we are all on the same wavelength.”

Also at the meeting were Catholic Bishop of Sokoto Diocese, Bishop Matthew Kukah; Former Vice-President Ebitu Ukiwe and Primate of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Archbishop Nicholas Okoh.

The election was declared inconclusive when the candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Senator Ademola Adeleke scored 254,698 votes to beat the candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC), who polled 254,345 votes.

The rerun election will hold in seven polling units in Orolu, Ife South, Ife North and Osogbo Local Government Areas.

PDP Aspirants Pledges Support Whoever That Emerges PDP Presidential Candidate – Bafarawa

A presidential aspirant of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Attahiru Bafarawa, has said that all the aspirants are committed to supporting any of them that emerges the party’s candidate.

Bafarawa, former governor of Sokoto State, stated this in an interview with journalists in Bauchi on Sunday.

“Two aspirants come from Sokoto my home state, the present Governor, Aminu Tambuwal and me, Attahiru Bafarawa, Alhaji Bafarawa “That is not a problem at all because we the aspirants pledged that whoever emerged the candidate, we will all support him as our presidential candidate.” Bafarawa said what the aspirants wanted was to “rescue Nigeria from All Progressives Congress (APC). “I am a democrat and therefore ready to support any aspirant who emerges as the party’s flag-bearer in order to move the country forward. “We all, however, need to be screened before the final decision on the party’s candidate is taken.

“I am not into politics to make money but to serve and I remain the best among the aspirants with 8 years’ experience as Governor of Sokoto State.”

The presidential aspirant presented two books on his eight years of stewardship as governor and pledged to do more as president.

Kemi Olunloyo Has Openly Accused The Foremost Blogger Of Cheating With Her Pregnancy.

While Nigerian are felicitating with the richest blogger in the land, Linda Ikeji, on the birth of her first child at thirty-seven, controversial blogger, Kemi Olunloyo has crashed the party, saying it was all a ruse, that, Linda was never pregnant but paid a surrogate mother N1.8M for the birth of the child that arrived on Monday morning at a US hospital.

As far as May of this year, Kemi Olunloyo has openly accused the foremost blogger of cheating with her pregnancy.

Kemi Olunloyo “ Sincerely, I have been respecting myself but I think I need to fill you guys into this. Linda Ikeji got pregnant using ‘donor sperm’ because she started getting scared of menopause,” she had stated.

She claims Linda was officially ten months pregnant when the baby was born after her six month announcement in May. “ Time to drop that prosthetic moon bump and call the surrogate who had settled for N1.8M . Baby J or baby JJ has no official dad, there was even none on her post,” she posted after the birth.

The fiery blogger wouldn’t get off Linda Ikeji’s case as she pointed out some details concerning her announcement Instagram post on the birth of the baby. “Tomorrow, September 19th is Linda Ikeji’s birthday, carefully planned to coincide with Baby J’s delivery. A great way to attract sympathy, love birthday and baby gifts back to back. She will be 42 not 37 as she claims.

How Linda failed to pay attention to details.USA neonatal blankie, no hospital staff in pictures, live or recorded videos. My phone call to visit ‘a Linda Ikeji’ in maternity ward and no such patient exists,” she said.

It should be noted that Linda Ikeji and Kemi Olunloyo have been at war with each for years now. When Kemi was incarcerated Linda Ikeja made a piecemeal of it and Kemi also, has never let an opportunity passed to have her own pound of flesh of the foremost blogger.


Health Alert : Dirty Naira Notes Can Cause Staphylococcus, Tuberculosis

There has been growing concern over dirty and mutilated Naira notes — particularly the N100 note — in circulation. While one can easily guess the presence of germs from the dingy state of these paper notes, SaharaReporters can categorically confirm that some of the currencies in circulation carry pathogenic microorganisms like staphylococcus aureus and candida.

A laboratory assay carried out on randomly-obtained N100 notes showed the presence of pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria colonies like bacillus, staphylococcus aureus and candida. The examination also showed high presence of germs.

Larger species of Bacillus, an aerobic spore forming rods that stain gram positive or gram variable; and Candida, a genus of yeasts, have no pathogenic potential but if in contact with a person with low immune system, they can cause serious ailment. For instance, tuberculosis is caused by a species of Bacillus microorganism, while Candidiasis is caused by Candida species.

Staphylococcus aureus, on the other hand, is one of the more serious disease-causing bacteria in humans. According to Minnesota Department of Health Fact Sheet, it is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses (boils), furuncles, and cellulitis. Staphylococcus aureus also causes infections in the bloodstream, pneumonia, or bone and joint infections.

The bacteria and fungi, according to the analyst who carried out the analysis, are transmitted onto the notes through contacts with human carriers.

However, Adeoye Joshua, a Harvard University-trained doctor, while giving his expert opinion on the implication of bacteria on naira notes, said it is unlikely that the amount of bacteria on the notes can cause infection.

He said: “The amount of bacteria matters when it comes to infection. We are not sure whether this amount is infective but what we know is that it can carry it.

“For an immune compromised person; for instance, someone who is using long term corticosteroid, maybe the person has cancer or the person has an implant or the person has HIV or the person has a disease in which white blood cells are not functioning well, it means that even touching a naira note could be dangerous.

“There are different diseases that come from Bacillus species; for example you can have tuberculosis. However, it is the exact specie that tells you the exact it will cause. So, when they say Bacillus species, it is not specific enough for one to say which but that Bacillus tells you that tuberculosis is spreadable from that. This is not hard to envisage; when you cough into your hands and hold the money.”

CBN Last Printed N100 In 2014

SaharaReporters found out that the last set of N100 notes were printed in 2014. This could explain why there are many mutilated N100 notes in circulation.

The Nigerian Security Printing and Minting PLC, company responsible for printing money and other sensitive materials for the Nigerian government, refused to verify the observation. The public relations office directed our correspondent the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

“Your inquiries should be directed to the CBN not the mint. We do not have the legal right to give you such information. We are contractors to the CBN; we cannot talk about our customers’ products,” the official said.

When contacted, spokesperson to the CBN, Isaac Okarafor, frustrated all attempts to get the apex bank’s comment. He declined to give a comment when called, insisting rather that a text be sent to him but he also did not respond to the text messages.

Nonetheless, multiple officials from banks who spoke with SaharaReporters confirmed that CBN has not printed new N100 notes in four years. “The last time N100 was printed was during the centenary celebration,” said one of the staffers of a new generation bank.

Some months ago, Okarafor, in a tweet, blamed commercial banks for the mutilated notes.

He said:”Lower denomination notes have greater velocity of circulation, meaning they are frequently in use and get abused. Several factors account for the existence of worn out notes: The abuse mentioned above and the attitude of banks who fail to return them for reissue is another.

“To solve this problem, the CBN opened a window for banks to return N50 to N5 denominations for processing at N1000/box instead of N12,000 per box, between January 2 and March 28, 2018. The waiver in processing is to encourage banks to return unfit notes for reissue.”

However, this excuse does not explain why dirty N100 notes remain in circulation, despite complaints and the directive from the House of Representatives.

Following a motion by Honourable Adekoya Abdel-Majid, a lawmaker from Ogun State, asking the house to mandate CBN to withdraw dirty naira notes from circulation, the lawmakers had unanimously resolved that old notes should be taken out of circulation.

While explaining his motion, Abdel-Majid said: “Considering that bacteria naturally breed and live in dirty environments and objects, dirty naira notes could pose serious health risks as they have been found to contain pathogenic parasites and bacteria. These notes could be sources of infection as well as potential carriers of communicable diseases. When they (the naira notes) stay longer in circulation, they gather dirt from one hand to the other.”

However, while there are newer mints of the lower denomination—N50 – N5—the apex bank has refused to give reason dirty N100 notes are still moving from store to store and hands to hands, and why it has not printed new ones since 2014.

Protect Yourself, Always Wash Your Hands

With the silence of CBN as germs and bacteria-filled N100 notes travel round the country, the only way Nigerians can protect themselves from infections that could be caused by these pathogens is to constantly wash their hands, Ugochi Obidiegwu, a safety professional told SaharaReporters.

She said: “I think that something needs to be done urgently about this. It does not represent our country properly. It does not encourage a receiver to collect. It could abhor germs. They might forget and use those same hands to eat or take medication, inadvertently putting them in harm’s way. I know sometimes people say ‘Dirty no dey kill African man’, but I beg to differ. Everyone needs to be careful and take extra precaution when handling those notes.

“Citizens should become more proactive about this by indulging in frequent hand washing. It is also important to have a handy sanitizer and wet wipes to keep the hands clean, if water is not close by. When in doubt, I’d say do not collect that particular note; seek alternatives.”

Culled from SaharaReporters

DARK FRIDAY!!! ‘Nigerians Can See Blood Moon Today From 6:44Pm To 9:21Pm’

Today, Friday July 27, 2018, is a going to be a great day.

The much expected total lunar eclipse or rather ‘blood moon’ will be here with us.

Nigerians from every nook and cranny of this country can see one of the greatest astronomical spectacles of the 21st century tomorrow.

The Guardian had reported that Nigeria and most other parts of the world would on July 27, 2018 experience blood moon- a spectacular total lunar eclipse.

A ‘blood moon’ happens when Earth’s moon is in full eclipse and has no special astronomical significance, rather, the view in the sky is striking as the usually whitish moon becomes red or ruddy-brown.

According to the Science News, Nigeria will experience total lunar eclipse, which would be is fully visible in Lagos.

The total lunar eclipse is sometimes called a blood moon, as the moon turns red.

Also, reported on all eclipses worldwide from 1900 to 2100.

It noted that there would be total lunar eclipse on July 27, 2018 and January 21, 2019; partial lunar eclipse on July 16/17, 2019; transit mercury eclipse on November 21, 2019; and penumbral lunar eclipse January 10, 2020.

Also, on July 27, Mars will pass closer to Earth than it has done for 15 years.

The phenomenon, known as perihelic opposition, will make the red planet appear larger and brighter than normal in the night sky.

The rare event occurs when Mars reaches its closest point to the sun as the same time as Earth’s orbit brings it directly between the two.

Although the actual point of opposition will take place on July 27, Mars will be noticeably larger for the majority of the month of July.

Perihelic opposition can be seen with the naked eye, meaning there is no need for expensive equipment for stargazers to spot the rare event next month.

The celestial events have been confirmed by the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) Abuja and the United States National Aeronautic Space Agency (NASA).

The space agency said Nigeria, like most of Africa, the Middle East, southern Asia and the Indian Ocean region would witness a total Lunar Eclipse on the 27th of July 2018.

Head media and corporate communications of the Agency, Dr. Felix Ale, told The Guardian: “The Eclipse in Nigeria will start around 6:44pm as partial eclipse and developed into a total eclipse around 7:30pm.

The Eclipse is expected to reach its peak around 9:21pm and wane from then until the eclipse ends around 12:30am of the 28th of July 2018.

“The total Eclipse will last for about 1 hour and 43 minutes, making it the longest total Lunar Eclipse of the 21st century.

No other Lunar Eclipse will be as long as this in the century.

The moon is expected to turn reddish as against the familiar whitish appearance in the period of totality.

Hence the appellation of ‘Blood Moon’.” According to him, the moon orbits around Earth, while Earth orbits around the sun.

The moon takes about 27 days to orbit Earth and goes through regular phases in a 29.5-day cycle.

Lunar eclipses can only occur during a full moon when the sun fully illuminates the surface.

Ale said that not all full moon has eclipse because the moon orbits in a slightly different plane than the Earth and the Sun, pointing out that when the planes coincide and the Earth passes in between the Moon and the Sun, it cut off the sun rays from reaching the moon directly and thereby causing an eclipse.

“If Earth partially blocks the sun, and the darkest part of its shadow falls across the moon’s surface, it is called a partial eclipse.

Hence a black shadow will be seen taking a bite out of the moon.

Sometimes, the moon passes through the lighter part of Earth’s shadow, causing a penumbral eclipse and total eclipse occur when the Earth completely block Sun rays from reaching the moon,” he said.

Source :Naija loaded. com

BREAKING NEWS : Tambuwal, Sokoto Assembly DUMP APC And Joins PDP

Sokoto State governor and Former Speaker of Federal  House of Representatives , Alhaji Aminu Waziri Tambuwal, and all members of the State House of Assembly members on Wednesday evening dumped the All Progressives Congress, APC, and joined the People’s Democratic Party, PDP.

Stay tuned for more details………….


Polio And Eradication In African

Polio or poliomyelitis is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children. It is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease and it is caused by the poliovirus. The virus is transmitted from person-to-person through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common vehicle (e.g. contaminated water or food) and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis. Following infection, the virus is shed intermittently in excrement for several weeks with little or no symptoms in majority of cases. The initial symptoms of poliomyelitis include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, neck stiffness and pain in the limbs. In a small proportion of cases, the disease causes paralysis, which is often permanent. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.
In 1988, when WHO and partners established the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, aiming to eradicate polio, the disease was paralysing over 1000 children per day and was active in all countries of the Region. The African Region has not had wild polio cases in over a year.
Factors that have contributed to the progress in polio eradication in the Region include:
• Commitment of political leaders
• Implementation of intensive surveillance activities in all countries of the Region
• Polio laboratory network made up of 16 laboratories providing critical information, including genetic sequencing data
• Innovative approaches in social mobilization and communication to overcome misconceptions and rumours
• Cross-border collaboration and the implementation of synchronized immunization campaigns across large numbers of countries simultaneously
• Use of improved vaccines and new technologies to improve vaccination coverage
Most people who get infected with poliovirus (about 72 out of 100) will not have any visible symptoms.
About 1 out of 4 people with poliovirus infection will have flu-like symptoms that may include—
• Sore throat

• Fever
• Tiredness
• Nausea
• Headache
• Stomach pain
These symptoms usually last 2 to 5 days then go away on their own.
A smaller proportion of people with poliovirus infection will develop other more serious symptoms that affect the brain and spinal cord:
• Paresthesia (feeling of pins and needles in the legs)
• Meningitis (infection of the covering of the spinal cord and/or brain) occurs in about 1 out of 25 people with poliovirus infection
• Paralysis (can’t move parts of the body) or weakness in the arms, legs, or both, occurs in about 1 out of 200 people with poliovirus infection
Paralysis is the most severe symptom associated with polio because it can lead to permanent disability and death. Between 2 and 10 out of 100 people who have paralysis from poliovirus infection die because the virus affects the muscles that help them breathe.
Even children who seem to fully recover can develop new muscle pain, weakness, or paralysis as adults, 15 to 40 years later. This is called post-polio syndrome.
Note that “poliomyelitis” (or “polio” for short) is defined as the paralytic disease. So only people with the paralytic infection are considered to have the disease.
Poliovirus only infects humans. It is very contagious and spreads through person-to-person contact. The virus lives in an infected person’s throat and intestines. It enters the body through the mouth and spreads through contact with the feces (poop) of an infected person and, though less common, through droplets from a sneeze or cough. You can get infected with poliovirus if you have feces on your hands and you touch your mouth. Also, you can get infected if you put in your mouth objects like toys that are contaminated with feces (poop).
An infected person may spread the virus to others immediately before and about 1 to 2 weeks after symptoms appear. The virus can live in an infected person’s feces for many weeks. It can contaminate food and water in unsanitary conditions.
People who don’t have symptoms can still pass the virus to others and make them sick.
Polio vaccine protects children by preparing their bodies to fight the polio virus. Almost all children (99 children out of 100) who get all the recommended doses of vaccine will be protected from polio.

There are two types of vaccine that can prevent polio: inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). Only IPV has been used in the United States since 2000; OPV is still used throughout much of the world.
Success story of Polio eradication in African

, made possible by devoted leaders, countries, communities, civil society, and parents
In 1996, poliovirus paralysed more than 75,000 children across the continent, in every single country. That year, Nelson Mandela launched ‘Kick Polio Out of Africa’, marking the launch of a unique, cross-sectoral and cross-continental movement to protect all children from paralysis.

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Millions of health workers, often operating in difficult or dangerous conditions, have since worked tirelessly to reach and vaccinate all children and protect them from this entirely preventable disease. Between countries, cross-border collaboration and the implementation of synchronized immunization campaigns has reduced the chance of virus spread. Health workers are not only protecting children from poliovirus, but are also paving the way for other health programmes to reach the world’s most vulnerable children. Thanks to their work, poliovirus has been beaten back to its lowest ever levels across the continent. As of March 2018 there have been no cases of wild poliovirus type 1 reported in any country in the African Region for over one and half years.
A polio-free Africa will also be testimony to the efforts of donors and the Global Polio Eradication Initiative partners. In particular, Rotarians are truly inspirational advocates for a polio-free world, raising hundreds of millions of dollars, and volunteering countless hours to eradicate polio across the whole African region, and the globe.
However, the threat still remains. Over the last 30 years, time and time again, poliovirus has spread across west, central and the Horn of Africa. Until the whole region is certified poliovirus free, every country must remain vigilant.
To finish the disease in Africa once and for all, it is crucial for all countries to continue to take steps to reach all children with vaccines, strengthen surveillance, and stay fully committed at all levels to ending polio. It is also essential to maintain financial commitments. On the verge of one of the greatest public health achievements in history, the certification of Africa as poliovirus free will be testimony to the efforts of hundreds of thousands of people living in the region.

FORMER Chief Justice of Nigeria (CJN) Justice Katsina-Alu passed on at 76 years old .

Katsina-Alu, who was appointed as CJN between December 30, 2009 and August 2011, was said to have died in the early hours of yesterday in an Abuja hospital after a brief illnes


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The former CJN hails from Ushongo Local Government Area, Benue State.

Chief Justice of Nigeria (CJN) Justice Walter Onnoghen yesterday confirmed Katsina-Alu’s death